The rise of air temperature and subsequent increase in sea surface temperature (SST) will raise the sea level due to thermal expansion. These changes in water temperature could affect the health of many aquatic species, in addition to causing land loss and beach erosion. For the past 10 years (2000 until 2009), the average air temperature change in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah is approximately 0.10°C and according to these trends for the next eleven years (until 2020), the projection of air temperature change will be approximately0.21°C. When this happens, average sea surface temperature (SST) will also increase due to the relationship between air temperature and water temperature, though the change in SST may not be as large as the air temperature increase

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