Stronger intensity and frequent arrival of the El Niño- Southern Oscillation
(ENSO) caused varied temperature and wildly varying precipitation with drought
and flood conditions that threaten paddy production. Using the Pooled Mean
Group estimation method, this study investigates the long run and short run
relationship of ENSO impact on Southeast Asia paddy production from 1961 to
2014 with Oceanic Niño Index, Niño 3.4 sea surface temperature anomalies,
Southern Oscillation Index and Multivariate ENSO Index. This study also
investigates four different ENSO intensities with Multivariate ENSO Index to
determine their long run and short run impact on paddy production.

Categories: Ekonomi, Sosioekonomi
Tags: Artikel Jurnal, Data Penerbitan, Sulit