Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are typical endocrine disruptors found
in common pharmaceuticals and personal care products, which are frequently
detected in aquatic environments, especially surface water treated for drinking.
However, current treatment technologies are inefficient for removing emerging
endocrine disruptors, leading to the potential contamination of tap water. This
study employed an optimized analytical method comprising solid-phase
extraction and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry
(SPE–LC–MS/MS) to detect APIs in tap water in Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Categories: Kesihatan Alam Sekitar, Sosioekonomi
Tags: Artikel Jurnal, Data Penerbitan, Sulit